The 7 Theses of Holy Communion

Peter Kucenski

(An Official Theological Statement of the ACCS)

Thesis I  Institution of the Lord’s Supper

The first day of Unleavened Bread (Matthew 26:17-20), that night, the same night of Jesus’ betrayal (Matthew 26:47-50), God instituted Holy Communion, the Lord’s Supper. (1 Corinthians 11:23-26)

Thesis II  Living Body and Blood

The Lord’s Supper is both God’s living Body and Living Blood (Mark 14:22-24 and 1 Corinthians 11:27). It is the living body and blood because Christ was sacrificed only once for our sins and thus died once for them, therefore the Lord’s Supper cannot be of the Lord’s dead body and blood (Romans 6:9-10 and Hebrews 9:24-28).

Thesis III  Both Bread and Body; Both Wine and Blood

It is both presumptuous and false to believe that when we eat this supper that it is only the Jesus’ body and blood (Matthew 26:26-28) that we consume and that it does not include the bread and wine as well (Matthew 26:29 and 1 Corinthians 11:26, 27). Therefore, in the Lord’s Supper, the food that we eat and the wine that we drink is both the Bread and body at the same time together without division, and the Wine and blood at the same time together without division.

Thesis IV  By God’s Word and Not By Men

The Lord Supper does not become the Lord’s Supper because of the Pastors words or faith, but because God Himself said, “this is my body” and “this is my blood of the new covenant” (Matthew 26:26-28). Therefore, it is not because of the Pastor that it is the Lord’s true supper, but it is because God works through His stewards (1 Corinthians 4:1), the pastors. So that Holy Communion is both a medium used by God to give the forgiveness of sins to many (Matthew 26:28) and an instrument for the Pastor to use his Keys to heaven to pronounce and give the forgiveness of sins to those of his flock (John 20:23). In addition, by doing this it is a tool to reaffirm salvation and to show the unity of the Church in the one body of Christ, with Christ being the head.

Thesis V  Instituted for All

God instituted this Supper to the 12 Disciples so that first they should partake of it (Matthew 26:26, 27) and second that they should distribute it to their own flock under their charge by Christ (1 Corinthians 4:1).

Thesis VI  To be Received By the Faithful

There is no reason why a faithful Christian should not desire to partake of the Lord’s Supper with a faithful Church, if the Christian has a complete understanding of the Lord’s Supper. For in knowing and understanding this doctrine, the Christian should understand that God in his mercy has commanded all of his flock to do so (Matthew 26:26, 27) for the Christians own benefit (Matthew 26:28 and 1 Corinthians 11:26, 27).

Thesis VII  Responsibility of the Pastor

 Therefore, because it is God’s command that faithful Christians should partake of the Lord’s Supper, it is the responsibility of the Pastor to instruct (Ephesians 4:12), ensure understanding of this subject (Ephesians 4:13), and, following in the steps of the Lord, ensure attendance at the Lord’s Table (Psalm 23:1-3). In addition, far be it from the Pastor to neglect this duty, for if the Pastor does neglect this duty, so that he does not do the things listed here, he neglects his flock. Therefore, because of his neglect, condemnation will fall upon those who lack understanding (1 Corinthians 11:27) and the Pastor himself will be called to account for this sin as well (Acts 20:28 and James 3:1).

Copyright © 2007 by Peter Kucenski. All rights reserved.