The 7 Theses Concerning What the Bible isPeter Kucenski
(An Official Theological Statement of the ACCS)
Thesis I The Bible is the Inerrant Word of God Offering the Knowledge of our Salvation and of God
The Bible is the production of God through the use of both His own mouth and the use of His Spirit (2 Timothy 3:16-17). Through which he brought forth people who would both write down and to speak His words to the people of this world and to teach them (Ephesians 5:3, 4, Matthew 21:33-39, Jeremiah 25:3-7, Deuteronomy 17:18-20, Deuteronomy 27:7, 8, Romans 10:5, 2 Chronicles 34:14-21, and 2 Peter 1:21) about both Himself and the salvation offered to us (Ephesians 1:13, 14, Colossians 1:3-8, 1 Thessalonians 1:5 and Romans 10:14). Moreover, because this is of God and God is Perfect (Matthew 5:48, Deuteronomy 32:4, and 2 Samuel 22:31Psalm 119:160) this Bible is without error and therefore perfect (James 1:17 and Psalm 18:30). However, even though the Bible is perfect we are not and therefore the translations and the copies of the original may not be perfect. But His Word is forever and therefore profitable despite us (Isaiah 40:8, 59:21, 1 Peter 1:22-25, and 2 Peter 1:21).
Thesis II The Bible as Received is Whole Providing all the Information Necessary to Know God and to Know our Salvation
At one time God had instituted the promise of salvation in Genesis (See Theses V of the Theses on Sin, Salvation and Justification), but then Christ came and was the completion of that promise and the fulfillment of the law and therefore there is nothing left that needs to added for our salvation (See Theses VI of the Theses on Sin, Salvation and Justification) or for our knowledge of God because the whole of scriptures is in regard to our salvation (i.e. Jesus Christ) (1 John 5:13, Luke 24:25-27 and Ephesians 2:19-22).
Thesis III Additions to the Bible
As per Thesis II the Bible is whole and therefore nothing else is required to be added to it or necessary to be added to it. However, it would be presumptuous to believe that God is unable to still educate and speak to us today or until the last day because He can and does (1 Corinthians 14:1-12). However, God spoke His plan through the prophets until His Son (Hebrews 1:1-2). On that day God fulfilled His plan through His son (Luke 24:27) and He sent out His apostles who taught us concerning the new covenant and things to come, so there is no need for anything more (John 20:31, Ephesians 2:19-22 and 1 John 1:1-4) therefore the time for the prophets has ended (Zachariah 12:10, 13:1-4) and the time of the apostles ended with their death because there were only twelve (Revelation 21:14).
Thesis IV God’s Words are Eternal
Furthermore God’s Words do not have an expiration date. They have the same individual importance and collective importance as when they were written (1 Peter 1:22-25 and Isaiah 40:8). This is so for a two-fold reason: First that we have the same need as those who came before and will come after us; that is we have the same sins and plan of Salvation as those who came before us and will come after us (Romans 5:12-19). Secondly God never changes (Malachi 3:6). Therefore we should not change His Words to suit our culture or our understanding, but change our understanding and culture to His Words (Note: this does not mean that we should change our culture and understanding to the Jewish culture and understandings, but to be in accordance with His Laws and His Mercies [Galatians 2:11-21 and Acts 15:23-29]).
Thesis V Subtractions from and Additions to His Words
Just as the Bible is complete (Thesis III) so are all of His Words and the Bible does not merely contain His Words, it IS His Words (2 Peter 1:21, Deuteronomy 8:3, Deuteronomy 17:18-20 and Proverbs 30:5). Therefore, His Words are not only complete, but whole in both concept and script. Therefore, just as we should not add or remove collective concepts or ideas to the Bible, we also must be careful not to add to or take away from the individual words and their meanings (i.e. we shall not change the Words of God) (Deuteronomy 4:2, Revelations 22:18-19, Proverbs 30:5-6, Deuteronomy 12:32 and Jeremiah 26:1-6).
Thesis VI The Words of God Should be Comprehensible Through Reading and Hearing by the People, but should not be expected to be understood by all
Someone who preaches and teaches must be able to be examined. Therefore if they speak in different language to the people and thus they do not understand it they cannot judge whether or not that person speaks truth or not (Acts 17:10, 11 and 1 Thessalonians 5:21). Furthermore, someone who is unlearned in God cannot come to understanding of God if he does not understand what is said (Romans 10:14 and 1 Corinthians 14:13-17). Therefore, the words of God must be translated in such a way as to not change or amend their meaning, but also in the simplest form to be understood. Moreover a person who speaks, preaches or teaches, must also do the same for there are many words even through culture that have different meanings to different people through connotation and use. That means that our speech must be broken down to use words that hold the same meaning as one another. However, just because someone is able to comprehend what is said does not mean that they will understand it (Zechariah 7:11, Romans 11:8 and Matthew 13:13-15). Therefore our hope is that they understand and believe, but that is God’s work (Deuteronomy 29:4 and John 6:29). We only give them the opportunity to comprehend in the same way that we comprehend (i.e. we speak to them or they read words that have the same meaning in our minds as it is in their minds).
Thesis VII The scriptures are made up of both Law and Gospel
The Word is divided between two concepts (2 Timothy 2:15) of God’s Law and of God’s Gospel (i.e. between God’s Mandate of Justice [Hebrews 10:30] and God’s Desire for Mercy [Matthew 9:13, Hosea 6:6 and 1 Timothy 2:3, 4]). Furthermore it is only through the Law that we can be brought to God’s mercy for without the law we could not know the need or have the desire for mercy (Galatians 3:24 and Romans 7:7-12). Therefore the law came first with its demand for condemnation, and through that we might see our need for redemption and that our path is to destruction. Then God showed mercy through the Gospel to show us His desire to save us.
Copyright © 2012 by Peter Kucenski. All rights reserved.