The 6 Theses of the LawPeter Kucenski
(An Official Theological Statement of the ACCS)
Thesis I The Five Types of Law Found in the Bible
The first type, the “Written and Moral Law” (which is the focus of the remaining Theses), is both the Written Law (written in the Bible) and the Moral Law (universally written on our hearts/conscience [Romans 2:12-15]); the Moral Law is not complete without the Written Law (Romans 7:7 and Titus 1:15). The Written and Moral Law establishes what holiness is (Matthew 22:34-40, Leviticus 19:2 and Romans 2:12-16). With the establishment of the Written Law God also established the shadow of how He would fulfill the requirements of that Law through the second type, the “Ceremonial Law” (Hebrews 7). The Written and Moral Law will not end until this world passes away (Matthew 5:17, 18). However because the Ceremonial Law is the shadow of how God would fulfill the Written and Moral Law (shown through the sacrifices, priests, and ceremonies) and Jesus fulfilled it, the Ceremonial Law is no longer necessary nor applicable (Hebrews 9). God also established a nation state and gave it the third type the “National Law of Moses” (beginning in Deuteronomy 13) including the rules for the governance (Deuteronomy 17:14-20 and 1 Samuel 8:9-18). Those national laws are no longer ours because that nation state no longer exists as it was and we are not a part of that nation (Galatians 2:11-21), However the fourth type, the “Authority’s Law”, because those are our nation’s laws and the laws of those who hold authority over us are applicable (Romans 13:1-7), but that law and the next is subject to God and His Written and Moral Law (Acts 5:29). The fifth type is the “Human Religious Law” given by human reason and by human attempt to establish godliness, but it is of no value and should not be followed (Colossians 2:20-23). Even so, do not destroy another person’s faith by blatant disregard for their weak conscience and their need to follow it (Romans 14:14-17 and 1 Corinthians 8:9-13).
Thesis II How to Follow God’s Written and Moral Law
Without faith it is impossible to please God (Hebrews 11:6) and faith is a gift of God (Ephesians 2 :8, 9 and Ezekiel 36:22-27). Therefore without God it is impossible to truly follow the Written and Moral Law (Galatians 2:20). Moreover, without being able to follow Written and Moral Law, it is impossible to save oneself (Mark 10:27).
Thesis III The First Purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to Bring us to Grace
The first purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to bring the condemned to the Gospel (Galatians 3:24). It does this through showing all of us that our sin is real (Romans 3:23), pervasive (Romans 3:12 and Romans 5:12) and damning (James 1:15) and therefore all of us are condemned. Then once it has done that, it shows us that because we are not perfect and cannot be saved by the works of the Law that we need the Gospel (Galatians 2:15, 16, Ephesians 2:8 and 2 Timothy 1:9).
Thesis IV The Second Purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to Provide Safety
The second purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to help physically protect both the saved and the unsaved from their sin and the sin of others (Matthew 5:45). It does this by the Moral Law being written on the hearts of all people so that we can see, even without understanding, some forms of right and wrong (Romans 2:14). That protection is accomplished by first protecting the person who would do evil from themselves. It does this by warning them through the fear of the consequences for their evil actions (e.g. discipline and imprisonment for them) (Romans 13:2, 3) and empathy for the victim of their evil actions. So through that, it ultimately protects the victim because the evil act is never committed. However, those forms of right and wrong while good are not complete (Romans 7:7) and are skewed (Titus 1:15), furthermore they can be overridden by our sinful nature and ignored (Romans 2:15).
Thesis V The Third Purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to Identify what Holiness is
The third purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to identify what Holiness is (Romans 7:7), so that in learning what it is we desire to and do it for it is good and God does good for those who follow it (Joshua 1:8 and Psalm 1:1-3). However, we do not do it to justify ourselves (Romans 9:32), to show ourselves righteous (Galatians 5:1-6), or for gain (1 Timothy 6:3-7), rather we do it out of thankfulness to God and an understanding of His Holiness (John 8:11).
Thesis VI The Fourth Purpose of the Written and Moral Law is to Remind us of who we Really are and to Humble us
All are born equally in sin through inheritance (Romans 5:12 and Psalm 51:5), all sin (Romans 3:23), and although some sin is more offensive to us than others, all sin is equally condemning (Luke 13:1-5 and James 2:10). Moreover, the one who does sin and the one who plots and carries it out in their mind, are equally guilty (Matthew 5:21, 22, 27, 28). So no one will escape sin in this world, for sin itself has been knit into our very bodies (Romans 7:13-25) and corrupted the entire world (Isaiah 13:11). Therefore when we have Grace and have trained our bodies (1 Corinthians 9:24-27), the Written and Moral Law reminds us (those that have been saved) that we are still equally unworthy, still equally sinful and still equally lost without God (Ezekiel 20:39-44) and so we have no right to boast of ourselves (Ephesians 2:8-10 and Philippians 3:4-11). For the things that have been done in us and for us have been done by God alone (Isaiah 48:9-11, Psalm 66:8-12, and Deuteronomy 6:10-15) and the Law reminds us that all our good works are worthless (Isaiah 64:6, 7). We must not forget that (Deuteronomy 4:7-14). If we do forget it, we will become proud in ourselves and filled with that pride God will destroy us (Deuteronomy 8:11-20), so the Law reminds us.
Copyright © 2012 by Peter Kucenski. All rights reserved.